Wikinews talk:Fair use

Author:  |  Category: Real Estate


As mentionned on the foundation mailing list, this policy seems very reasonable to me. I am happy you found a solution to be able to upload images necessary to illustrate wikinews articles… all while limiting related risks with competitors. Good luck. Anthere 02:44, 15 May 2005 (UTC)

Could music album and book cover images be considered as fair use?
Another case that could be safely be considered fair use is when a site has it’s own statement about fair use, for instance:

–Ascánder 14:51, 15 May 2005 (UTC)

I copied image:DonBrash.png from wikipedia, and i think its would fall under publicity, but i’m not 100% sure. Could someone please tell me if it is, so I know for sure. thanks. Bawolff 23:08, 13 September 2005 (UTC)

Currency is listed as a dropdown choice. Its not listed here. What gives? Bawolff ?? 20:54, 27 November 2005 (UTC)

What exactly does “state a fair use rationale” in the image mean? DragonFire1024 08:07, 5 April 2007 (UTC)

I have created a shortcut WN:EDP which is redirected to this page. The terminology brings us inline with foundation terminology and therefore should also be listed in the shortcuts at the top of the page – Cartman02au (Talk)(AU Portal) 06:52, 8 April 2007 (UTC)

If the Fair use policy/EDP was left the way it was, it could allow people to delete images and other multimedia content on archived pages, coming march 23, 2008. I understand there have been some complaints about that? :-)

Anyway, I don’t think that this was an intended consequence, so I’ve added some language to mitigate the problem.

Feel free to integrate the alterations in a more wikinews-like manner. Be careful of simply reverting or removing them though, please discuss first!

See also: licensing policy (previously unsigned by User:Kim Bruning)

I am no lawyer. And never will want to be one. My position on the current matter would be very logical and straightforward

Anthere 23:32, 25 November 2007 (UTC)

On wikipedia, Fiar use images can only be used on articles. think we should make it so that fair use can only be used on articles, portals, and categories. I belive that unlike wikipedia where portals are more for the contributors, portals here are like extensions of the main page, and should be treated as such. Categories are in the same boat, as they are often used as either mini-portals, or have a copy of the portal on them as the category ? portal relationship isn’t very well defined (IMO). Bawolff ?? 00:14, 13 December 2007 (UTC)

Kim Bruning added a section relating to archiving…

I would like to see some version of this re-added to the policy. –Brian McNeil / talk 09:39, 23 March 2008 (UTC)

My reading of the debate above is that Adambro was the only person objecting to an archiving statement (at the risk of putting words into Adambro’s mouth, because he could not be convinced that the addition was consistent with the law or the Board Resolution.) A year on, is it time to restore an archiving statement to the EDP? –InfantGorilla (talk) 20:51, 27 January 2009 (UTC)

Okay, so Wikipedia got blocked in the UK because of that stupid Scorpions album cover. An album cover is technically not a logo, publicity photograph, or work of the British government – but the story is specifically about the cover.

What do we do about that? Under my definition, an album cover is NOT a logo, its an artwork. ViperSnake151 (talk) 15:55, 7 December 2008 (UTC)

I added this section to cover unique historic images which are allowed under fair-use guidelines. The wording was based in part on Wikipedia’s policy. –SVTCobra 21:36, 8 June 2009 (UTC)

Can a file with the same name be uploaded to wikinews to replace it when it has been deleted from the Commons and is no longer there? See File:Fariba-iran-evin1.jpg which was uploaded today? The explanation is that it is restoring an archived article in which the image has been deleted and was a red link until today. Just wondering what the policies are at wikinews since Wikinews:Fair use indicates that wikinews Fair use polices are stricter than those of Wikipedia. Thanks, Mattisse (talk) 23:44, 3 April 2011 (UTC)

Fair use is a legal defense for justifiable violation of another citizen’s copyright; it is not a right.

The primary defense is “transformative usage”. For example, a photo taken by professional portrait photographer is copyrighted, and normally would not be able to be used on Wikinews. However, if the photo has been used for publicity – such as a politician’s official headshot – the image may be used to illustrate a story about that politician. The photo in this use has been “transformed” from its marketing purpose to a news purpose.

Writing a fair use rationale for such an image might be written as:

It’s very easy to write a brief fair use rationale as long as you stick to the basic facts. – Amgine | t 02:21, 4 April 2011 (UTC)


I think this section stands on it’s own. It’s not involved in your campaign regarding that specific image; it was requested that I write an exemplar for this policy as I worked with the Board to get our original policy created. – Amgine | t 03:38, 4 April 2011 (UTC)

I’ve been exploring the policies of this site. Most interesting. After reading the front section of the project page I attempted to edit it but learned it was not accessible. The need for this is obvious but since I already had identified a few changes, my suggestions are set forth below:

On Wikinews application of fair use is almost exclusively the subject of discussions about images, rather than text.

Wikinews:Oscars 2008 co-ordination

Author:  |  Category: Real Estate

I posted to Craiglist about the Oscar photo, and I have 40+ potential photographers, after eliminating the clear nutcases and most putrid of amateurs. Anyway, of what’s left, we have really bang-on spectacular photographers, including actual pros who have shot the likes of Ozzy Osbourne, . So, how should we decide who goes? Should I post 10, let people vote for the top three, and the one with the most votes goes? Should I post 10, do approval (“support”) voting, and choose whomever I feel most capable from the top three vote getters? Whatever the process, should Commons be allowed to participate? — Zanimum 18:42, 26 October 2006 (UTC)

I’m leaning towards Amy, Robin, Steven, and Alan. Who does everyone else thing? Monday I’ll be emailing the successful photog. — Zanimum 22:35, 11 November 2006 (UTC)

Is that everyone? I’m going to contact at half-past-noon, EST. — Zanimum 15:24, 13 November 2006 (UTC)

Good work on this Zanium. I favour Amy. Dan100 (Talk) 16:08, 5 January 2007 (UTC)

Wikinews:Red carpet event photography

Author:  |  Category: Real Estate

This guide was created by IlyaHaykinson (talk) to help any future photographers at red carpet events. Please feel free to modify and expand as desired

Recently, I was asked by User:Zanimum to be the Wikinews photographer at an Oscar-viewing red-carpet party in Beverly Hills, California. Since this was my first time doing this type of photography, I received some very useful tips from Zanimum who has organized such events before, and came up with some recommendations of my own. This document attempts to synthesize all of these recommendations. Some of these may not apply to events of other types or sizes, but are nonetheless probably somewhat useful. — IlyaHaykinson (talk) 08:18, 8 March 2009 (UTC)

Basically, when well-known people show up at events, they are paraded one by one in front of waiting photographers and videographers. The photographers and videographers are allocated some space right next to the red carpet. Each VIP is given anywhere from a few seconds to a few minutes to parade down the specific section where the cameras are — on one side are the cameras, on the other is a backdrop with event or sponsor logos.

It is the job of the red carpet photographer to do three things:

All of these will be discussed below.

Try to get to the event early. Fifteen minutes before the event is probably too late; two hours is probably too early. When you get to the event, you may need to go to the press check-in to receive some sort of a media pass. It may help to print up (or pretend to have forgotten) some Wikinews or otherwise semi-legit looking business cards — these provide credibility. Even more so, a nice camera set up will qualify you as a photographer.

The reason you need to get there early is to find a good spot. The red carpet press section is not very big, and if there are many photographers then some get to be in the front row and others get to be behind them. It is in your extreme interest to be in the front row, right by the rope separating you from the red carpet. If you are going to be in the second row, you will have very little ability to choose your shot, influence the quality of your picture, or keep track of whose photo you have just taken. If you are not very tall, you will have an especially hard time. If you get there early, however, take up a spot somewhere in the middle of the photography section, right at the rope. Note that at some events you may not get to choose.

Once you have selected your spot, do not move from that spot under any circuimstances. Event photographers are amazingly combative; they may find stand-ins to take their place if they need to leave for a few seconds, or they may engage in some light pushing etc. Ensure that your place at the rope is uncontestable: keep a hand on the rope, and don’t leave until the job is done.

When you go to the event, you will want to bring your best photographic equipment. Unless you are a professional photographer, the other event photographers will be using far better equipment than you. And they’ll have a lot more practice with it, at similar events. That doesn’t mean that you can’t get away with taking great shots. Here’s what I recommend that you bring for your camera:

You may also want to bring a foldable and small stepladder; this will let you sit on something before the event and climb on something if you end up in the back. An alternative to this would be a box or a stepstool that raises you 20-30cm above everyone else (more if you’re not very tall).

Finally, bring a digital voice recorder. Hang it on your neck on a string. You will need this to keep track of whose picture you are taking.

It seems like photographers dress in dark clothing; some dress in suits. You will not be out of place if you dress in dark business-casual attire. This is probably to lend a bit of credibility to you, as well, since it’s actually very hot near the bright lights and you’ll end up sweating.

Generally, this is what happens: someone you probably don’t know starts walking onto the carpet from one side. They come in front of the first one or two photographers and stop while those photographers take their picture. Then they move a little bit, and the next group of photographers can take their picture. Then they move further and so on, until they run out of photographers in line.

Now, there’s nothing preventing you from taking their picture early — when they’re just in front of the previous photographers. The issue will be that they are not looking at your camera: they’re looking at theirs. Sometimes this is OK, but that means that you can’t focus on their eyes and they’ll be sideways to you.

The more well known the person is, the less likely they actually need great photos in entertainment rags. So they are thus less likely to want to stop and give each photographer some individual time to take the perfect picture. If they are not well known at all, however, they will give you a lot of time.

So what are your challenges?

You need to keep track of what’s going on with the carpet. Are people being paraded down, and if so, are you taking their picture? Have you taken a full-body shot, and a closeup, and a few of each, and reviewed them on your camera’s display to ensure that the quality is fine? If so, you can relax for a bit. Otherwise, get to shooting: Wikipedia could certainly use good photos of people, even if other entertainment sites or magazines don’t care to spend a lot of time on lesser celebrities.

There are basically a few things that can happen: a person may get shoved onto the carpet, walk the entire length, and you may not know who they were at all; or some VIP handler may walk up to the front-row photographers and tell them quickly who the person is; or the VIP handler may hold up a piece of paper with the person’s name; or you may just recognize them.

The digital voice recorder helps you with knowing whose pictures you are taking. You can quickly press the record button and say who is coming up, if you know from the handler or paper or recognition. Every so many people, mention what they look like as well, or what they are wearing — this will help you connect the name with the photo later on in case you miss a few folks. If you just do not know the name, ask the photographer next to you: perhaps they know!

The easiest would be if the VIP handler walks around with a sign or card showing the name of the VIP. In that case, use your camera to take a picture of the sign and then immediately of the person. Also don’t forget to record something on your voice recorder, even if just a mumble that such-and-such had a card with their name.

To take a good photo on the red carpet, there are two basic rules: eyes, and pose. Your goal is to have the VIP look at you while you are taking your photo (or preferrably several photos in rapid succession: their attention span is very short). To get them to look at you, try everything: yell out their name, say “/their name/, over here please” or “/name/, down at the front center please” etc. Addressing them by name — if you know it — may help them look at you. Be ready for that shot! For pose, you can be passive (looking for a good shot) or active (tell them what to do). If the VIP is carrying a purse, ask them to swing it or hold it up or to the side or whatnot. Tell them “/name/, do something with your hands”, or “show me the back of your dress”. More often then not, they will comply with your request.

If you think you’ll have a second go at a VIP, quickly review your photos on your camera. Were they alright looking? Did you need to repeat the shot, or could you switch to a closeup?

In general, try to get a few full-body shots, and a few closeups. Try your best to get them to look at you, and focus on their eyes.

Wikinews attends appearance by Bob from Sesame Street, at Sesame Place

Author:  |  Category: Real Estate

Friday, June 8, 2007 

“Bob from Sesame Street”, actor and singer Bob McGrath, visited Sesame Place this Sunday for singing and book reading. One of the last remaining cast members from the 1969 first season, he is an accomplished singer with six children’s albums to his credit, he performs family pop concerts and has appeared with more than 100 symphony orchestras in the U.S. and Canada. McGrath has authored eight books including Uh-Oh Gotta Go and Oops, Excuse Me Please.

Sesame Place opened for the season in May, adding Abby Cadabby to its cast of life-size Muppets. The park offers a variety of wet and dry rides, as well as stage attractions. Christy Carlson Romano performed at the park four times over last weekend, as well as riding in its daily Rock Around the Block Parade. Previously this season, Christy had four concerts at the park.

Wikinews is sending Lloyd David Photography to many of the concerts and Sesame Street cast meet-and-greets that are happening this year at the park. David specialises in headshots, models, event, and wedding photography.

All branches of UK photography retailer Jessops close today

Author:  |  Category: Real Estate

Friday, January 11, 2013 

All 187 store locations of Jessops camera retailer are closing in the United Kingdom today. The business, which went into administration earlier this week, is to leave its workforce of approximately 1370 jobless. While staff at the business’ top office in Leicester, in central England, are not being made redundant with immediate effect, they are in the next few weeks to lose their positions.

PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), the firm declared administrator of Jessops two days ago, has said an examination of the company indicated it was no longer capable of operating successfully. “It is apparent that we cannot continue to trade”, said joint administrator Rob Hunt of PwC, “and as a result we have had to make the difficult decision”.

PwC say no Jessops branches will open tomorrow and people who have bought items from their businesses will not be able to return them. However, stock “will be returned to suppliers if they are entitled to it”, according to Hunt.

Hunt said PwC “will continue to ensure that employees are paid as they assist us during the closure” at Jessops. In a comment to the BBC, Hunt described the situation at Jessops as “a horrible end to a very intensive couple of days”.

Françoise Demulder, French war photographer, dies age 61

Author:  |  Category: Real Estate

Friday, September 5, 2008 

Françoise Demulder, the French war photographer who was the first woman to win the World Press Photo of the Year award has died at the age of 61. The death was caused by a heart attack.

The World Press Photo website says that “Demulder stated at the time that she hated war, but felt compelled to document how it’s always the innocent who suffer, while the powerful get richer and richer.” This is why the organization presented her with the award in 1977.

During her career Demulder reported on wars in Vietnam, Palestine, Cambodia and Lebanon. Her photograph of refugees in Beirut won her the press photography award.

Jonathan Randall, a Washington Post correspondent who knew Demulder, paid his tributes to the photographer. “This was a time when there were beginning to be women correspondents but there were relatively few women photographers,” he said. “When she won the prize it was really quite something. It showed that women were capable of doing what had hitherto been a man’s occupation.”

Christine Albanel, the French culture minister, described Françoise Demulder as “an artist and witness of our time.”

Brick Machine Cleaning

Author:  |  Category: Domestic Services

Brick Machine Cleaning


Samuel ArthurMobile blast cleaning

is a comparatively new method to be used when talking about cleaning block machine built masonry, as it has been used for a long time in masonry restoration and general

brick cleaning

. It is often preferred by architects and engineers over traditional acid based cleaning, as it does not risk the possible reactions that may come with acid use on certain brick types.

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It is important to choose the tradesman who performs sand blasting work on your property carefully, as with all types of trade, some take their work seriously and some are simply out for the most profit and will cut corners. It is therefore important that when looking for

Blast Cleaning In London

, you research thoroughly and choose the very best workmen for the job. If you do manage to find competent and skilled workers, then you will find that the sand blasting method can be one of the most thorough and clean methods of smoothing and cleaning grimy surfaces.

A sandblasting kit will typically comprise of: a portable air compressor, a blasting tank, a blasting nozzle, protective clothing and protective eye and mouth guards. The air pressure produced by the sand blasting machinery can range from 400 lbs per square inch to around 100 lbs per square inch. The blasting tank holds the sand particles, and will form an abrasive material mixture that is then propelled due to air pressure into the blasting hose and nozzle.

How the mixture is then blasted depends on the size and shape of the nozzle, as well as the air pressure applied. Again, the speed with which the cleaning takes place also depends on the type of sand used, the size and type of nozzle used, and the air pressure and the distance between the nozzle and the wall. In addition, the surface which is due to be cleaned will have an important effect on the speed with which the cleaning can take place.

The sand type used is often an actual sand material, but can also be finely ground quartz or granite, depending on the type of job that is taking place. Type A is used when there are only very light grime or brickwork imperfections that need removing. Type B is used when there is heavy staining, or masonry is very rough and needs a large amount of smoothing.

Sand blast cleaning can also be used for hard burned, non glazed, smooth or textured brickwork; this can include red, white, buff, gray or chocolate brick types, among others. It is important to identify the brickwork correctly, as handmade or reclaimed styles of brick can be disfigured or damaged permanently by sand blasting.

Mobile Blast Cleaning

Mobile Blast Cleaning- Blast Cleaning is a common process used for cleaning many different surfaces. Mobile blast cleaning services offered by Blastit Limited include beam cleaning, brick & steel cleaning, turbine cleaning, and osmosis treatment. Know more about

Steel Cleaning

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Keep The Fences To Keep Up The Bonds

Author:  |  Category: Home Construction

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Keep the Fences to Keep Up the Bonds



\”Love your neighbor as yourself, but don\’t take down the fences\”, warn wise men of the world. Borders and fencing are important in maintaining respectful relationships between all humans, especially in the avariciousness of the modern world, where too much access to another\’s private spaces can only solicit encroachment, and unwanted trouble. Modern fences have come a long way from the old traditional conventions of hedges, and timbered set ups which were only signs of diverse ownerships, and allowed access and passage between land demarcations. The new age metal and high security fences of course reflect the insecurities of modern societies, but they have become absolute necessities in marking out safe boundaries.

Lots of different varieties of heavy duty fencing are available in the market today, and the functions that they serve are also marked for definite new age functionalities. All sort of temporary, high defense and commercial and agricultural fencing materials are produced in the security arena, and ready to assemble fences with heavy duty features for diverse security functions are widely employed for both industrial use and private property.

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Temporary fencing arrangements are put up especially in the construction arena, to avoid dangerous accidents and encroachments into the building sites, by stray animals or human miscreants. Effective traffic control and security are ensured by setting up these short term barriers, and they are available in different styles and colors to suit the different customer uses and preferences. The security element of these boundary markers can be enhanced by mounting strong molded double clamps, which will make sure of the security of the guarded premises and the fencing panels.

In the permanent fencing arena, there is an array of heavy duty options like high security fencing used for jails, enforcement facilities, and industries needing high quality defense precautions, and welded mesh fence panels which offer great alternatives to conventional chain link fencing. The welded mesh fence panels also provide great security potential along with high durability, low maintenance costs, and a varied range of attractive designs. They come in different makes of low carbon steel wires or stainless steel wire, and are available with durable coatings like electro galvanized high corrosion resistant coatings, or PVC coating. They can be availed in different styles like wire meshing, panels and strong bar gratings. These kind of permanent barriers are widely used in horticultural, agricultural and other food procurement industries, and also for high danger zones like mines and factories. Different styles of attractive and ornamental welded wire panels are also used in private land fencing and gardening.

The manufacturers of these kinds of heavy duty screens and fences also craft strong access gates like commercial vehicle gates and other types of temporary entrance gates that are easy to install with existing fences. These gates need no extra hardware to install, and can be fitted with strong and durable rollers or tires for easy manipulation.

This content has been taken from

Find the best

temporary construction fence

to protect your property at Global Fence. We provide high-security fence,

welded mesh fence panels

, temporary fence panels for residential and commercial purposes. For more details, visit us.

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Tips On How Seeds Germinate &Amp; How You Can Make Them

Author:  |  Category: Manufacturing

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Tips on How Seeds Germinate & How You Can Make Them


kozmicbluejWhat is Germination?

Germination is the term used to describe the sprouting of a plant from a seed or a spore. It occurs when a seed has been planted and watered according to instructions, and it first sprouts a tiny root to anchor it to the soil and access the water. From that point, the seed begins to produce other roots above the soil which become the parts of the plant.

How Does Germination Occur?

There are four main ingredients needed for a plant to grow:


seedlings need oxygen to start their cell metabolism. Once the plant has sprouted leaves, it begins to absorb carbon dioxide through them, and disperse oxygen.


seeds are dry and need water to soften the outside sufficiently to allow the seed to put its primary root out into the damp soil.

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all plants have a temperature range in which they can best germinate. Follow the instructions when planting.

Light vs. Darkness

most seeds require light, but there are tropical plants which are used to germinating in semi-darkness. Again, you need to check this before planting.

How to Plant Seeds to Germinate

You can plant seeds directly into the soil, as most vegetable gardeners do, or put them in trays to germinate, and then pick them out and plant them when they are seedlings.

What sort of a seed do you have? If it is a flat seed, you need to plant it on its edge. A winged seed should be planted with either the wing removed, or the wing part uppermost. If the seed is large, cover it with 3 times its own thickness of soil, smaller seeds are best covered with a sprinkle of soil, and fine seeds are usually scattered on the soil surface.

Water the seeds judiciously, just using a fine spray on the finest seeds.

How long do Seeds take to Germinate?

It depends upon the seed and the conditions in which it is sown. Be patient! Sometimes seeds seem dormant for two to three weeks but then all come up together. Other seeds can take up to 12 weeks to germinate and will come up in a straggly fashion. Sometimes, making a mini-greenhouse by putting a plastic bag over the pot will bring on germination faster.

What can go wrong?

Failure to germinate is often down to overwatering, making the soil too sodden and rotting the


. Too little water and too much sunlight may dry the soil out and there is nothing for the embryonic root to latch on to. Other problems may be caused by putting the seeds somewhere too hot or too cold. It is important to follow the instructions on the seed packet or in a good gardening book to get the best results.

Graeme is writing on behalf of Kings Seeds –



Vegetable Seeds

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Drew Miles Reviews Ways To Save On Your Taxes

Author:  |  Category: Financial Services

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Submitted by: Drew Miles

Hi, my name is Drew Miles, and I would like to share with you some ways your business can save money on taxes every year, just by following some simple steps. It s that Wonderful time of year again! You ask, What time is it? IT S TAX TIME! When operating your own business most of us are always busy building the company, and it s the little things that get overlooked every year. So remember, when you sit down to gather all the information for your tax accountant or bookkeeper to prepare your taxes this year, make sure you have checked off every deduction that you are allowed to take. It could save you A LOT of MONEY!

Most experienced small-business owners have an ongoing relationship with their tax specialist to simplify the tax filing process each year. Even so, some of the infrequently used deductions can easily be overlooked. The following is a list of business expenses that are often passed over in tax preparation season, and can serve to reduce your tax bill. Be sure to review all of your expenses and look for potential tax deductions you may have missed. Consult with your tax adviser when considering deducting any of the following items because limitations and special requirements may apply.

1. Advertising and printing of business materials.

2. Automobile expenses for business use, using either actual costs of repair and gas or the standard mileage deduction.

3. Business entertainment.

4. Business equipment and furnishings.

– Business safe deposit box fees

– Depreciation on business equipment

– Office supplies

– Software costs

– Telephone (cell phones), Internet, television and other communication used for business purposes

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– Business gifts, provided they meeting IRS criteria

5. Business insurance premiums.

6. Costs of business books, periodicals or newspapers.

7. Donations the business gives to charities.

8. Dues or membership costs to professional organizations.

9. Education costs for self or employees, when business related.

10. Expenses when moving offices or other business facilities.

11. Fees and penalties.

– Relating to CDs, business checking, savings or money-market accounts

– Associated with retirement accounts for self and employees

– For credit bureaus, Better Business Bureaus, local associations, etc.

– Paid to employment agencies

12. Interest payments on business loans.

13. Janitorial, landscaping and maintenance costs.

14. Losses due to fire, windstorm, hail, flood or other natural disasters may be deductible.

15. Losses due to theft may be deductible.

16. Mortgage or lease payments.

17. Self-employed tax deductions.

– Individuals can deduct a percentage of their health insurance premiums paid during the year, both for themselves and for their dependents

– May deduct one-half of their self-employment tax

18. Shipping and postage.

19. Tax preparation fees, accounting fees, attorney fees, insurance consultation fees, etc.

20. Travel expenses.

– Hotels, airfare, meals and business entertainment while on the road

– Costs of passports for self and employees when traveling for business purposes

– Laundry costs when traveling for business

– Unpaid invoices or debts (i.e., uncollected debts).

21. Utilities for business facilities.

Pathfinder Business Strategies is offering consumers who visit their website a free tax savings special report & CD titled Tax Secrets of the Rich . For information about these tools visit

About the Author: I have spent years studying the tax code looking for ways to help people lower their tax bill and keep more of what they earn. Drew Miles Find Out More:


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